What Is Cloud Computing In Layman Language?

Subhash was a smart, innovative, and self-starter 23-year-old guy who started a small business with a limited budget. He always wanted to curtail business expenses smartly and wanted to opt for smarter investment techniques. In the initial phase of his business, he noticed he faced some costly and severe challenges.

What Is Cloud Computing In Layman Language? 1

He enlisted the top challenges, including buying hardware for each employee along with the software and licenses, which he discovered were extremely taxing. Moreover, he detected other problems like storage capacity, keeping updates for the newest software, and ongoing trends in the market.

He felt with every new hire, more software was needed; such problems worsened the situation and distracted him from his business goals. So he researched and finally chose Cloud computing- A smart and user-friendly choice that is easy on the pocket.


In the earliest days when Homo sapiens grew, they beautifully transformed themselves as humans from apes. Increased a little: understood basic needs- Food, clothing, shelter. Expanded more- found mediums to fulfill those necessities. Then they started ‘Developing’. They had farmed for food, wells for water, mills for clothes, and bricks for homes. Conditions give birth to utilities. The same scenario applies to business computing.

One of the newest successful utilities is Cloud Computing. Traditionally, companies built their in-house IT infrastructure catering to all technical needs. But that involved expensive equipment and servers and installing everything locally – too much hard work to make ends meet! Things have changed. With the dawn of cloud computing, a company can deliver reliable and safer business computing like a utility service. We buy basic utilities for the smooth functioning of our day-to-day lives. Similarly, we ‘BUY’ IT infrastructure as a service! Just spend for what we need and focus on the business, not the technology Jav Leech.


Technically- What is cloud computing?

Cloud computing is the provision that allows the user to log into a web-based service that hosts all the programs obligatory for completing the job. The cloud computing service provider runs everything from emailing to word processing to complex data analysis programs. The term ‘cloud’ refers to the computer network that handles all the assigned tasks. Cloud computing service providers charge for maintaining and managing client data inputs. Cloud computing has emerged as the next big thing in the dome of application software, storage, hardware, and platform flexibility, providing easy solutions to the most complex things! The system favors all business sizes but proves fruitful for middle and small-sized ones. All one needs to avail of the service is a basic computer system, web browser, and the internet. It has become the lifeline of organizations seeking a simple solution to the problem of choosing and organizing software per each employee’s work area. Have you ever noticed every internet user prominently benefits from cloud computing? The finest examples of cloud computing are Gmail, Amazon web services, and Google applications, where a browser helps users access the application whenever they feel like it.

How does it work?

Knowing how cloud computing works is interesting. The structural design can be categorized into two main sections: Front end and back end. The end-user or client controls the front end or the web browser that uses the cloud services. The back end is the network of servers with any computer program and data storage system that runs, handles, and maintains the Cloud (Succinctly- The service provider).

Cloud has a centralized server administration system. The centralized server administers the system, balances and adjusts client supply and demands, monitors traffic, and avoids congestion. This server follows a set of rules (protocol) known as Middleware. As the name suggests, Middleware is the intermediary that allows networked computers to communicate with each other. Observing the other side of the process, one can rename cloud computing as green computing because it helps successfully conserve power energy.

Can Cloud computing be pocket-friendly?

Cloud computing is cost-effective, too. Unlike traditional computing, the service condenses “Hard Costs” like hardware, infrastructure, and software licenses and “Soft costs” such as IT staffing, troubleshooting, energy costs to run the servers and desktops, and cooling the entire server room.

As far as data maintenance costs are involved, they are reduced as the service provider maintains them (They perform the complete set of tasks, from running the Cloud to storing data). In addition, the need for high-storage hard drives can be snubbed away as all the data is stored on a remote computer. Breakdown of the system can cause the owner a serious nervous breakdown because of high data recovery and system repair costs, not to ignore the data loss.

The show goes on in such situations because the data can be operated from the remote computer from any place! The market is in favor of the buyer. In the past three years, several service providers have swelled. In this computing arena, crucial players like Microsoft, Google, Amazon, Intel, and many others are competing hard to build effective and impressive clouds for their clients.

Roberto Brock
the authorRoberto Brock
Snowboarder, traveler, DJ, Swiss design-head and HTML & CSS lover. Doing at the nexus of art and purpose to develop visual solutions that inform and persuade. I'm a designer and this is my work. Introvert. Coffee evangelist. Web buff. Extreme twitter advocate. Avid reader. Troublemaker.